@article{10335,
abstract = {Van der Holst and Pendavingh introduced a graph parameter σ, which coincides with the more famous Colin de Verdière graph parameter μ for small values. However, the definition of a is much more geometric/topological directly reflecting embeddability properties of the graph. They proved μ(G) ≤ σ(G) + 2 and conjectured σ(G) ≤ σ(G) for any graph G. We confirm this conjecture. As far as we know, this is the first topological upper bound on σ(G) which is, in general, tight.
Equality between μ and σ does not hold in general as van der Holst and Pendavingh showed that there is a graph G with μ(G) ≤ 18 and σ(G) ≥ 20. We show that the gap appears at much smaller values, namely, we exhibit a graph H for which μ(H) ≥ 7 and σ(H) ≥ 8. We also prove that, in general, the gap can be large: The incidence graphs Hq of finite projective planes of order q satisfy μ(Hq) ∈ O(q3/2) and σ(Hq) ≥ q2.},
author = {Kaluza, Vojtech and Tancer, Martin},
issn = {0209-9683},
journal = {Combinatorica},
pages = {1317--1345},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Even maps, the Colin de Verdière number and representations of graphs}},
doi = {10.1007/s00493-021-4443-7},
volume = {42},
year = {2022},
}