Coboundary expansion, equivariant overlap, and crossing numbers of simplicial complexes
We prove the following quantitative Borsuk–Ulam-type result (an equivariant analogue of Gromov’s Topological Overlap Theorem): Let X be a free ℤ/2-complex of dimension d with coboundary expansion at least ηk in dimension 0 ≤ k < d. Then for every equivariant map F: X →ℤ/2 ℝd, the fraction of d-simplices σ of X with 0 ∈ F (σ) is at least 2−d Π d−1k=0ηk.
As an application, we show that for every sufficiently thick d-dimensional spherical building Y and every map f: Y → ℝ2d, we have f(σ) ∩ f(τ) ≠ ∅ for a constant fraction μd > 0 of pairs {σ, τ} of d-simplices of Y. In particular, such complexes are non-embeddable into ℝ2d, which proves a conjecture of Tancer and Vorwerk for sufficiently thick spherical buildings.
We complement these results by upper bounds on the coboundary expansion of two families of simplicial complexes; this indicates some limitations to the bounds one can obtain by straighforward applications of the quantitative Borsuk–Ulam theorem. Specifically, we prove
• an upper bound of (d + 1)/2d on the normalized (d − 1)-th coboundary expansion constant of complete (d + 1)-partite d-dimensional complexes (under a mild divisibility assumption on the sizes of the parts); and
• an upper bound of (d + 1)/2d + ε on the normalized (d − 1)-th coboundary expansion of the d-dimensional spherical building associated with GLd+2(Fq) for any ε > 0 and sufficiently large q. This disproves, in a rather strong sense, a conjecture of Lubotzky, Meshulam and Mozes.
256
2
675-717
675-717
Springer Nature
application/pdf