Optimal embedded and enclosing isosceles triangles
Given a triangle Δ, we study the problem of determining the smallest enclosing and largest embedded isosceles triangles of Δ with respect to area and perimeter. This problem was initially posed by Nandakumar [17, 22] and was first studied by Kiss, Pach, and Somlai [13], who showed that if Δ′ is the smallest area isosceles triangle containing Δ, then Δ′ and Δ share a side and an angle. In the present paper, we prove that for any triangle Δ, every maximum area isosceles triangle embedded in Δ and every maximum perimeter isosceles triangle embedded in Δ shares a side and an angle with Δ. Somewhat surprisingly, the case of minimum perimeter enclosing triangles is different: there are infinite families of triangles Δ whose minimum perimeter isosceles containers do not share a side and an angle with Δ.
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737-760
737-760
World Scientific Publishing