Universality in low-dimensional BCS theory
It is a remarkable property of BCS theory that the ratio of the energy gap at zero temperature Ξ
and the critical temperature Tc is (approximately) given by a universal constant, independent of the microscopic details of the fermionic interaction. This universality has rigorously been proven quite recently in three spatial dimensions and three different limiting regimes: weak coupling, low density and high density. The goal of this short note is to extend the universal behavior to lower dimensions d=1,2 and give an exemplary proof in the weak coupling limit.
World Scientific Publishing