Multiple packing: Lower bounds via error exponents
We derive lower bounds on the maximal rates for multiple packings in high-dimensional Euclidean spaces. For any N > 0 and L ∈ Z ≥2 , a multiple packing is a set C of points in R n such that any point in R n lies in the intersection of at most L - 1 balls of radius √ nN around points in C . This is a natural generalization of the sphere packing problem. We study the multiple packing problem for both bounded point sets whose points have norm at most √ nP for some constant P > 0, and unbounded point sets whose points are allowed to be anywhere in R n . Given a well-known connection with coding theory, multiple packings can be viewed as the Euclidean analog of list-decodable codes, which are well-studied over finite fields. We derive the best known lower bounds on the optimal multiple packing density. This is accomplished by establishing an inequality which relates the list-decoding error exponent for additive white Gaussian noise channels, a quantity of average-case nature, to the list-decoding radius, a quantity of worst-case nature. We also derive novel bounds on the list-decoding error exponent for infinite constellations and closed-form expressions for the list-decoding error exponents for the power-constrained AWGN channel, which may be of independent interest beyond multiple packing.
70
2
1008-1039
1008-1039
IEEE