Characterisation of gradient flows for a given functional
Let X be a vector field and Y be a co-vector field on a smooth manifold M. Does there exist a smooth Riemannian metric gαβ on M such that Yβ=gαβXα ? The main result of this note gives necessary and sufficient conditions for this to be true. As an application of this result we show that a finite-dimensional ergodic Lindblad equation admits a gradient flow structure for the von Neumann relative entropy if and only if the condition of BKM-detailed balance holds.
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Springer Nature
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