Rigorous upper bound on the critical temperature of dilute Bose gases
We prove exponential decay of the off-diagonal correlation function in the two-dimensional homogeneous Bose gas when a2 ρ is small and the temperature T satisfies T> 4πρ ln | ln (a2 ρ) |. Here, a is the scattering length of the repulsive interaction potential and ρ is the density. To the leading order in a2 ρ, this bound agrees with the expected critical temperature for superfluidity. In the three-dimensional Bose gas, exponential decay is proved when T- Tc (0) Tc (0) >5 a ρ1/3, where Tc (0) is the critical temperature of the ideal gas. While this condition is not expected to be sharp, it gives a rigorous upper bound on the critical temperature for Bose-Einstein condensation.
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American Physical Society