TY - JOUR
AB - Questions about lines in space arise frequently as subproblems in three-dimensional computational geometry. In this paper we study a number of fundamental combinatorial and algorithmic problems involving arrangements of n lines in three-dimensional space. Our main results include: 1. A tight Θ(n2) bound on the maximum combinatorial description complexity of the set of all oriented lines that have specified orientations relative to the n given lines. 2. A similar bound of Θ(n3) for the complexity of the set of all lines passing above the n given lines. 3. A preprocessing procedure using O(n2+ε) time and storage, for any ε > 0, that builds a structure supporting O(logn)-time queries for testing if a line lies above all the given lines. 4. An algorithm that tests the "towering property" in O(n4/3+ε) time, for any ε > 0: do n given red lines lie all above n given blue lines? The tools used to obtain these and other results include Plücker coordinates for lines in space and ε-nets for various geometric range spaces.
AU - Chazelle, Bernard
AU - Edelsbrunner, Herbert
AU - Guibas, Leonidas
AU - Sharir, Micha
AU - Stolfi, Jorge
ID - 4027
IS - 5
JF - Algorithmica
SN - 0178-4617
TI - Lines in space: Combinatorics and algorithms
VL - 15
ER -