@article{4061,
abstract = {We present an algorithm to compute a Euclidean minimum spanning tree of a given set S of N points in Ed in time O(Fd (N,N) logd N), where Fd (n,m) is the time required to compute a bichromatic closest pair among n red and m green points in Ed . If Fd (N,N)=Ω(N1+ε), for some fixed e{open}>0, then the running time improves to O(Fd (N,N)). Furthermore, we describe a randomized algorithm to compute a bichromatic closest pair in expected time O((nm log n log m)2/3+m log2 n+n log2 m) in E3, which yields an O(N4/3 log4/3 N) expected time, algorithm for computing a Euclidean minimum spanning tree of N points in E3. In d≥4 dimensions we obtain expected time O((nm)1-1/([d/2]+1)+ε+m log n+n log m) for the bichromatic closest pair problem and O(N2-2/([d/2]+1)ε) for the Euclidean minimum spanning tree problem, for any positive e{open}.},
author = {Agarwal, Pankaj and Edelsbrunner, Herbert and Schwarzkopf, Otfried and Welzl, Emo},
issn = {1432-0444},
journal = {Discrete & Computational Geometry},
number = {1},
pages = {407 -- 422},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Euclidean minimum spanning trees and bichromatic closest pairs}},
doi = {10.1007/BF02574698},
volume = {6},
year = {1991},
}