Hashimoto, Masakazu; Morita, HitoshiISTA; Ueno, Naoto
In the last several decades, developmental biology has clarified the molecular mechanisms of embryogenesis and organogenesis. In particular, it has demonstrated that the “tool-kit genes” essential for regulating developmental processes are not only highly conserved among species, but are also used as systems at various times and places in an organism to control distinct developmental events. Therefore, mutations in many of these tool-kit genes may cause congenital diseases involving morphological abnormalities. This link between genes and abnormal morphological phenotypes underscores the importance of understanding how cells behave and contribute to morphogenesis as a result of gene function. Recent improvements in live imaging and in quantitative analyses of cellular dynamics will advance our understanding of the cellular pathogenesis of congenital diseases associated with aberrant morphologies. In these studies, it is critical to select an appropriate model organism for the particular phenomenon of interest.
The authors thank all the members of the Division of Morphogenesis, National Institute for Basic Biology, for their contributions to the research, their encouragement, and helpful discussions, particularly Dr M. Suzuki for his critical reading of the manuscript. We also thank the Model Animal Research and Spectrography and Bioimaging Facilities, NIBB Core Research Facilities, for technical support. M.H. was supported by a research fellowship from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS). Our work introduced in this review was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT), Japan, to N.U.
Hashimoto M, Morita H, Ueno N. Molecular and cellular mechanisms of development underlying congenital diseases. Congenital Anomalies. 2014;54(1):1-7. doi:10.1111/cga.12039
Hashimoto, M., Morita, H., & Ueno, N. (2014). Molecular and cellular mechanisms of development underlying congenital diseases. Congenital Anomalies. Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1111/cga.12039
Hashimoto, Masakazu, Hitoshi Morita, and Naoto Ueno. “Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Development Underlying Congenital Diseases.” Congenital Anomalies. Wiley, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1111/cga.12039.
M. Hashimoto, H. Morita, and N. Ueno, “Molecular and cellular mechanisms of development underlying congenital diseases,” Congenital Anomalies, vol. 54, no. 1. Wiley, pp. 1–7, 2014.
Hashimoto M, Morita H, Ueno N. 2014. Molecular and cellular mechanisms of development underlying congenital diseases. Congenital Anomalies. 54(1), 1–7.
Hashimoto, Masakazu, et al. “Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Development Underlying Congenital Diseases.” Congenital Anomalies, vol. 54, no. 1, Wiley, 2014, pp. 1–7, doi:10.1111/cga.12039.