Parthenogenesis in Darevskia lizards: A rare outcome of common hybridization, not a common outcome of rare hybridization

Freitas S, Westram AM, Schwander T, Arakelyan M, Ilgaz Ç, Kumlutas Y, Harris DJ, Carretero MA, Butlin RK. 2022. Parthenogenesis in Darevskia lizards: A rare outcome of common hybridization, not a common outcome of rare hybridization. Evolution. 76(5), 899–914.

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Author
Freitas, Susana; Westram, Anja MISTA ; Schwander, Tanja; Arakelyan, Marine; Ilgaz, Çetin; Kumlutas, Yusuf; Harris, David James; Carretero, Miguel A.; Butlin, Roger K.
Abstract
Hybridization is a common evolutionary process with multiple possible outcomes. In vertebrates, interspecific hybridization has repeatedly generated parthenogenetic hybrid species. However, it is unknown whether the generation of parthenogenetic hybrids is a rare outcome of frequent hybridization between sexual species within a genus or the typical outcome of rare hybridization events. Darevskia is a genus of rock lizards with both hybrid parthenogenetic and sexual species. Using capture sequencing, we estimate phylogenetic relationships and gene flow among the sexual species, to determine how introgressive hybridization relates to the origins of parthenogenetic hybrids. We find evidence for widespread hybridization with gene flow, both between recently diverged species and deep branches. Surprisingly, we find no signal of gene flow between parental species of the parthenogenetic hybrids, suggesting that the parental pairs were either reproductively or geographically isolated early in their divergence. The generation of parthenogenetic hybrids in Darevskia is, then, a rare outcome of the total occurrence of hybridization within the genus, but the typical outcome when specific species pairs hybridize. Our results question the conventional view that parthenogenetic lineages are generated by hybridization in a window of divergence. Instead, they suggest that some lineages possess specific properties that underpin successful parthenogenetic reproduction.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2022-05-01
Journal Title
Evolution
Acknowledgement
The authors thank A. van der Meijden and F. Ahmadzadeh for providing specimens and tissue samples, and A. Vardanyan, C. Corti, F. Jorge, and S. Drovetski for support during field work. The authors also thank S. Qiu for assistance with python scripting, S. Rocha for her support in BEAST analysis, and B. Wielstra for his comments on a previous version of the manuscript. SF was funded by FCT grant SFRH/BD/81483/2011 (a PhD individual grant). AMW was funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement no. 797747. TS acknowledges funding from the Swiss National Science Foundation (grants PP00P3_170627 and 31003A_182495). The work was carried out under financial support of the projects “Preserving Armenian biodiversity: Joint Portuguese – Armenian program for training in modern conservation biology” of Gulbenkian Foundation (Portugal) and PTDC/BIABEC/101256/2008 of Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT, Portugal).
Volume
76
Issue
5
Page
899-914
ISSN
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Freitas S, Westram AM, Schwander T, et al. Parthenogenesis in Darevskia lizards: A rare outcome of common hybridization, not a common outcome of rare hybridization. Evolution. 2022;76(5):899-914. doi:10.1111/evo.14462
Freitas, S., Westram, A. M., Schwander, T., Arakelyan, M., Ilgaz, Ç., Kumlutas, Y., … Butlin, R. K. (2022). Parthenogenesis in Darevskia lizards: A rare outcome of common hybridization, not a common outcome of rare hybridization. Evolution. Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.14462
Freitas, Susana, Anja M Westram, Tanja Schwander, Marine Arakelyan, Çetin Ilgaz, Yusuf Kumlutas, David James Harris, Miguel A. Carretero, and Roger K. Butlin. “Parthenogenesis in Darevskia Lizards: A Rare Outcome of Common Hybridization, Not a Common Outcome of Rare Hybridization.” Evolution. Wiley, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.14462.
S. Freitas et al., “Parthenogenesis in Darevskia lizards: A rare outcome of common hybridization, not a common outcome of rare hybridization,” Evolution, vol. 76, no. 5. Wiley, pp. 899–914, 2022.
Freitas S, Westram AM, Schwander T, Arakelyan M, Ilgaz Ç, Kumlutas Y, Harris DJ, Carretero MA, Butlin RK. 2022. Parthenogenesis in Darevskia lizards: A rare outcome of common hybridization, not a common outcome of rare hybridization. Evolution. 76(5), 899–914.
Freitas, Susana, et al. “Parthenogenesis in Darevskia Lizards: A Rare Outcome of Common Hybridization, Not a Common Outcome of Rare Hybridization.” Evolution, vol. 76, no. 5, Wiley, 2022, pp. 899–914, doi:10.1111/evo.14462.
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2022-08-05
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