Molina-Granada, David; González-Vioque, Emiliano; Dibley, Marris G.; Cabrera-Pérez, Raquel; Vallbona-Garcia, Antoni; Torres-Torronteras, Javier; Sazanov, Leonid AISTA ; Ryan, Michael T.; Cámara, Yolanda; Martí, Ramon
Imbalanced mitochondrial dNTP pools are known players in the pathogenesis of multiple human diseases. Here we show that, even under physiological conditions, dGTP is largely overrepresented among other dNTPs in mitochondria of mouse tissues and human cultured cells. In addition, a vast majority of mitochondrial dGTP is tightly bound to NDUFA10, an accessory subunit of complex I of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. NDUFA10 shares a deoxyribonucleoside kinase (dNK) domain with deoxyribonucleoside kinases in the nucleotide salvage pathway, though no specific function beyond stabilizing the complex I holoenzyme has been described for this subunit. We mutated the dNK domain of NDUFA10 in human HEK-293T cells while preserving complex I assembly and activity. The NDUFA10E160A/R161A shows reduced dGTP binding capacity in vitro and leads to a 50% reduction in mitochondrial dGTP content, proving that most dGTP is directly bound to the dNK domain of NDUFA10. This interaction may represent a hitherto unknown mechanism regulating mitochondrial dNTP availability and linking oxidative metabolism to DNA maintenance.
We thank Dr, Luke Formosa (Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia) for his valuable advice and assistance on NDUFA10 molecular studies and Dr. Francesc Canals and his team (Proteomics Laboratory, Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology [VHIO], Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain) for their assistance with LC-MS/MS analyses. This work was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Industry, Economy and Competitiveness [grants BFU2014-52618-R, SAF2017-87506, and PID2020-112929RB-I00 to Y.C.], by the Spanish Instituto de Salud Carlos III [grants PI21/00554 and PMP15/00025 to R.M.], co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), and by an NHMRC Project grant to M.R. (GNT1164459).
Molina-Granada D, González-Vioque E, Dibley MG, et al. Most mitochondrial dGTP is tightly bound to respiratory complex I through the NDUFA10 subunit. Communications Biology. 2022;5(1). doi:10.1038/s42003-022-03568-6
Molina-Granada, D., González-Vioque, E., Dibley, M. G., Cabrera-Pérez, R., Vallbona-Garcia, A., Torres-Torronteras, J., … Martí, R. (2022). Most mitochondrial dGTP is tightly bound to respiratory complex I through the NDUFA10 subunit. Communications Biology. Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-022-03568-6
Molina-Granada, David, Emiliano González-Vioque, Marris G. Dibley, Raquel Cabrera-Pérez, Antoni Vallbona-Garcia, Javier Torres-Torronteras, Leonid A Sazanov, Michael T. Ryan, Yolanda Cámara, and Ramon Martí. “Most Mitochondrial DGTP Is Tightly Bound to Respiratory Complex I through the NDUFA10 Subunit.” Communications Biology. Springer Nature, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-022-03568-6.
D. Molina-Granada et al., “Most mitochondrial dGTP is tightly bound to respiratory complex I through the NDUFA10 subunit,” Communications Biology, vol. 5, no. 1. Springer Nature, 2022.
Molina-Granada D, González-Vioque E, Dibley MG, Cabrera-Pérez R, Vallbona-Garcia A, Torres-Torronteras J, Sazanov LA, Ryan MT, Cámara Y, Martí R. 2022. Most mitochondrial dGTP is tightly bound to respiratory complex I through the NDUFA10 subunit. Communications Biology. 5(1), 620.
Molina-Granada, David, et al. “Most Mitochondrial DGTP Is Tightly Bound to Respiratory Complex I through the NDUFA10 Subunit.” Communications Biology, vol. 5, no. 1, 620, Springer Nature, 2022, doi:10.1038/s42003-022-03568-6.
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