The ability to control the direction of scattered light is crucial to provide flexibility and scalability for a wide range of on-chip applications, such as integrated photonics, quantum information processing, and nonlinear optics. Tunable directionality can be achieved by applying external magnetic fields that modify optical selection rules, by using nonlinear effects, or interactions with vibrations. However, these approaches are less suitable to control microwave photon propagation inside integrated superconducting quantum devices. Here, we demonstrate on-demand tunable directional scattering based on two periodically modulated transmon qubits coupled to a transmission line at a fixed distance. By changing the relative phase between the modulation tones, we realize unidirectional forward or backward photon scattering. Such an in-situ switchable mirror represents a versatile tool for intra- and inter-chip microwave photonic processors. In the future, a lattice of qubits can be used to realize topological circuits that exhibit strong nonreciprocity or chirality.
The authors thank W.D. Oliver for discussions, L. Drmic and P. Zielinski for software development, and the MIBA workshop and the IST nanofabrication facility for technical support. This work was supported by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) through BeyondC (F7105) and IST Austria. E.R. is the recipient of a DOC fellowship of the Austrian Academy of Sciences at IST Austria. J.M.F. and M.Z. acknowledge support from the European Research Council under grant agreement No 758053 (ERC StG QUNNECT) and a NOMIS foundation research grant. The work of A.N.P. and A.V.P. has been supported by the Russian Science Foundation under the grant No 20-12-00194.
Redchenko E, Poshakinskiy AV, Sett R, Zemlicka M, Poddubny AN, Fink JM. Tunable directional photon scattering from a pair of superconducting qubits. Nature Communications. 2023;14. doi:10.1038/s41467-023-38761-6
Redchenko, E., Poshakinskiy, A. V., Sett, R., Zemlicka, M., Poddubny, A. N., & Fink, J. M. (2023). Tunable directional photon scattering from a pair of superconducting qubits. Nature Communications. Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-023-38761-6
Redchenko, Elena, Alexander V. Poshakinskiy, Riya Sett, Martin Zemlicka, Alexander N. Poddubny, and Johannes M Fink. “Tunable Directional Photon Scattering from a Pair of Superconducting Qubits.” Nature Communications. Springer Nature, 2023. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-023-38761-6.
E. Redchenko, A. V. Poshakinskiy, R. Sett, M. Zemlicka, A. N. Poddubny, and J. M. Fink, “Tunable directional photon scattering from a pair of superconducting qubits,” Nature Communications, vol. 14. Springer Nature, 2023.
Redchenko E, Poshakinskiy AV, Sett R, Zemlicka M, Poddubny AN, Fink JM. 2023. Tunable directional photon scattering from a pair of superconducting qubits. Nature Communications. 14, 2998.
Redchenko, Elena, et al. “Tunable Directional Photon Scattering from a Pair of Superconducting Qubits.” Nature Communications, vol. 14, 2998, Springer Nature, 2023, doi:10.1038/s41467-023-38761-6.
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