# The target discounted-sum problem

Boker U, Henzinger TA, Otop J. 2015. The target discounted-sum problem. LICS. LICS: Logic in Computer ScienceLogic in Computer Science, 750–761.

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Abstract

The target discounted-sum problem is the following: Given a rational discount factor 0 < λ < 1 and three rational values a, b, and t, does there exist a finite or an infinite sequence w ε(a, b)∗ or w ε(a, b)w, such that Σ|w| i=0 w(i)λi equals t? The problem turns out to relate to many fields of mathematics and computer science, and its decidability question is surprisingly hard to solve. We solve the finite version of the problem, and show the hardness of the infinite version, linking it to various areas and open problems in mathematics and computer science: β-expansions, discounted-sum automata, piecewise affine maps, and generalizations of the Cantor set. We provide some partial results to the infinite version, among which are solutions to its restriction to eventually-periodic sequences and to the cases that λ λ 1/2 or λ = 1/n, for every n ε N. We use our results for solving some open problems on discounted-sum automata, among which are the exact-value problem for nondeterministic automata over finite words and the universality and inclusion problems for functional automata.

Publishing Year

Date Published

2015-07-01

Proceedings Title

LICS

Acknowledgement

A technical report of the article is available at: https://research-explorer.app.ist.ac.at/record/5439

Page

750 - 761

Conference

LICS: Logic in Computer Science

Conference Location

Kyoto, Japan

Conference Date

2015-007-06 – 2015-07-10

ISSN

IST-REx-ID

### Cite this

Boker U, Henzinger TA, Otop J. The target discounted-sum problem. In:

*LICS*. Logic in Computer Science. IEEE; 2015:750-761. doi:10.1109/LICS.2015.74Boker, U., Henzinger, T. A., & Otop, J. (2015). The target discounted-sum problem. In

*LICS*(pp. 750–761). Kyoto, Japan: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/LICS.2015.74Boker, Udi, Thomas A Henzinger, and Jan Otop. “The Target Discounted-Sum Problem.” In

*LICS*, 750–61. Logic in Computer Science. IEEE, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1109/LICS.2015.74.U. Boker, T. A. Henzinger, and J. Otop, “The target discounted-sum problem,” in

*LICS*, Kyoto, Japan, 2015, pp. 750–761.Boker, Udi, et al. “The Target Discounted-Sum Problem.”

*LICS*, IEEE, 2015, pp. 750–61, doi:10.1109/LICS.2015.74.**All files available under the following license(s):**

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