Heart rate variability (hrv) is a physiological phenomenon of the variation in the length of the time interval between consecutive heartbeats. In many cases it could be an indicator of the development of pathological states. The classical approach to the analysis of hrv includes time domain methods and frequency domain methods. However, attempts are still being made to define new and more effective hrv assessment tools. Persistent homology is a novel data analysis tool developed in the recent decades that is rooted at algebraic topology. The Topological Data Analysis (TDA) approach focuses on examining the shape of the data in terms of connectedness and holes, and has recently proved to be very effective in various fields of research. In this paper we propose the use of persistent homology to the hrv analysis. We recall selected topological descriptors used in the literature and we introduce some new topological descriptors that reflect the specificity of hrv, and we discuss their relation to the standard hrv measures. In particular, we show that this novel approach provides a collection of indices that might be at least as useful as the classical parameters in differentiating between series of beat-to-beat intervals (RR-intervals) in healthy subjects and patients suffering from a stroke episode.
We express our gratitude to the anonymous referees who provided constructive comments that helped us improve the quality of the paper.
Graff G, Graff B, Pilarczyk P, Jablonski G, Gąsecki D, Narkiewicz K. Persistent homology as a new method of the assessment of heart rate variability. PLoS ONE. 2021;16(7). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0253851
Graff, G., Graff, B., Pilarczyk, P., Jablonski, G., Gąsecki, D., & Narkiewicz, K. (2021). Persistent homology as a new method of the assessment of heart rate variability. PLoS ONE. Public Library of Science. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0253851
Graff, Grzegorz, Beata Graff, Pawel Pilarczyk, Grzegorz Jablonski, Dariusz Gąsecki, and Krzysztof Narkiewicz. “Persistent Homology as a New Method of the Assessment of Heart Rate Variability.” PLoS ONE. Public Library of Science, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0253851.
G. Graff, B. Graff, P. Pilarczyk, G. Jablonski, D. Gąsecki, and K. Narkiewicz, “Persistent homology as a new method of the assessment of heart rate variability,” PLoS ONE, vol. 16, no. 7. Public Library of Science, 2021.
Graff G, Graff B, Pilarczyk P, Jablonski G, Gąsecki D, Narkiewicz K. 2021. Persistent homology as a new method of the assessment of heart rate variability. PLoS ONE. 16(7), e0253851.
Graff, Grzegorz, et al. “Persistent Homology as a New Method of the Assessment of Heart Rate Variability.” PLoS ONE, vol. 16, no. 7, e0253851, Public Library of Science, 2021, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0253851.
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