Harrison, Mark C.; Jongepier, Evelien; Robertson, Hugh M.; Arning, Nicolas; Bitard-Feildel, Tristan; Chao, Hsu; Childers, Christopher P.; Dinh, Huyen; Doddapaneni, Harshavardhan; Dugan, Shannon; Gowin, Johannes; Greiner, Carolin
Around 150 million years ago, eusocial termites evolved from within the cockroaches, 50 million years before eusocial Hymenoptera, such as bees and ants, appeared. Here, we report the 2-Gb genome of the German cockroach, Blattella germanica, and the 1.3-Gb genome of the drywood termite Cryptotermes secundus. We show evolutionary signatures of termite eusociality by comparing the genomes and transcriptomes of three termites and the cockroach against the background of 16 other eusocial and non-eusocial insects. Dramatic adaptive changes in genes underlying the production and perception of pheromones confirm the importance of chemical communication in the termites. These are accompanied by major changes in gene regulation and the molecular evolution of caste determination. Many of these results parallel molecular mechanisms of eusocial evolution in Hymenoptera. However, the specific solutions are remarkably different, thus revealing a striking case of convergence in one of the major evolutionary transitions in biological complexity.
Harrison MC, Jongepier E, Robertson HM, et al. Data from: Hemimetabolous genomes reveal molecular basis of termite eusociality. 2018. doi:10.5061/dryad.51d4r
Harrison, M. C., Jongepier, E., Robertson, H. M., Arning, N., Bitard-Feildel, T., Chao, H., … Bornberg-Bauer, E. (2018). Data from: Hemimetabolous genomes reveal molecular basis of termite eusociality. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.51d4r
Harrison, Mark C., Evelien Jongepier, Hugh M. Robertson, Nicolas Arning, Tristan Bitard-Feildel, Hsu Chao, Christopher P. Childers, et al. “Data from: Hemimetabolous Genomes Reveal Molecular Basis of Termite Eusociality.” Dryad, 2018. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.51d4r.
M. C. Harrison et al., “Data from: Hemimetabolous genomes reveal molecular basis of termite eusociality.” Dryad, 2018.
Harrison MC, Jongepier E, Robertson HM, Arning N, Bitard-Feildel T, Chao H, Childers CP, Dinh H, Doddapaneni H, Dugan S, Gowin J, Greiner C, Han Y, Hu H, Hughes DST, Huylmans AK, Kemena C, Kremer LPM, Lee SL, Lopez-Ezquerra A, Mallet L, Monroy-Kuhn JM, Moser A, Murali SC, Muzny DM, Otani S, Piulachs M-D, Poelchau M, Qu J, Schaub F, Wada-Katsumata A, Worley KC, Xie Q, Ylla G, Poulsen M, Gibbs RA, Schal C, Richards S, Belles X, Korb J, Bornberg-Bauer E. 2018. Data from: Hemimetabolous genomes reveal molecular basis of termite eusociality, Dryad, 10.5061/dryad.51d4r.
Harrison, Mark C., et al. Data from: Hemimetabolous Genomes Reveal Molecular Basis of Termite Eusociality. Dryad, 2018, doi:10.5061/dryad.51d4r.
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