Vahid, Afshin; Šarić, AnđelaISTA ; Idema, Timon
Cellular membranes exhibit a large variety of shapes, strongly coupled to their function. Many biological processes involve dynamic reshaping of membranes, usually mediated by proteins. This interaction works both ways: while proteins influence the membrane shape, the membrane shape affects the interactions between the proteins. To study these membrane-mediated interactions on closed and anisotropically curved membranes, we use colloids adhered to ellipsoidal membrane vesicles as a model system. We find that two particles on a closed system always attract each other, and tend to align with the direction of largest curvature. Multiple particles form arcs, or, at large enough numbers, a complete ring surrounding the vesicle in its equatorial plane. The resulting vesicle shape resembles a snowman. Our results indicate that these physical interactions on membranes with anisotropic shapes can be exploited by cells to drive macromolecules to preferred regions of cellular or intracellular membranes, and utilized to initiate dynamic processes such as cell division. The same principle could be used to find the midplane of an artificial vesicle, as a first step towards dividing it into two equal parts.
This work was supported by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO/OCW), as part of the Frontiers of Nanoscience program.
Vahid A, Šarić A, Idema T. Curvature variation controls particle aggregation on fluid vesicles. Soft Matter. 2017;13(28):4924-4930. doi:10.1039/c7sm00433h
Vahid, A., Šarić, A., & Idema, T. (2017). Curvature variation controls particle aggregation on fluid vesicles. Soft Matter. Royal Society of Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7sm00433h
Vahid, Afshin, Anđela Šarić, and Timon Idema. “Curvature Variation Controls Particle Aggregation on Fluid Vesicles.” Soft Matter. Royal Society of Chemistry, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7sm00433h.
A. Vahid, A. Šarić, and T. Idema, “Curvature variation controls particle aggregation on fluid vesicles,” Soft Matter, vol. 13, no. 28. Royal Society of Chemistry, pp. 4924–4930, 2017.
Vahid A, Šarić A, Idema T. 2017. Curvature variation controls particle aggregation on fluid vesicles. Soft Matter. 13(28), 4924–4930.
Vahid, Afshin, et al. “Curvature Variation Controls Particle Aggregation on Fluid Vesicles.” Soft Matter, vol. 13, no. 28, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2017, pp. 4924–30, doi:10.1039/c7sm00433h.
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