Tissue-wide effects override cell-intrinsic gene function in radial neuron migration

Hansen AH, Pauler F, Riedl M, Streicher C, Heger A-M, Laukoter S, Sommer CM, Nicolas A, Hof B, Tsai LH, Rülicke T, Hippenmeyer S. 2022. Tissue-wide effects override cell-intrinsic gene function in radial neuron migration. Oxford Open Neuroscience. 1(1), kvac009.


Journal Article | Epub ahead of print | English
Abstract
The mammalian neocortex is composed of diverse neuronal and glial cell classes that broadly arrange in six distinct laminae. Cortical layers emerge during development and defects in the developmental programs that orchestrate cortical lamination are associated with neurodevelopmental diseases. The developmental principle of cortical layer formation depends on concerted radial projection neuron migration, from their birthplace to their final target position. Radial migration occurs in defined sequential steps, regulated by a large array of signaling pathways. However, based on genetic loss-of-function experiments, most studies have thus far focused on the role of cell-autonomous gene function. Yet, cortical neuron migration in situ is a complex process and migrating neurons traverse along diverse cellular compartments and environments. The role of tissue-wide properties and genetic state in radial neuron migration is however not clear. Here we utilized mosaic analysis with double markers (MADM) technology to either sparsely or globally delete gene function, followed by quantitative single-cell phenotyping. The MADM-based gene ablation paradigms in combination with computational modeling demonstrated that global tissue-wide effects predominate cell-autonomous gene function albeit in a gene-specific manner. Our results thus suggest that the genetic landscape in a tissue critically affects the overall migration phenotype of individual cortical projection neurons. In a broader context, our findings imply that global tissue-wide effects represent an essential component of the underlying etiology associated with focal malformations of cortical development in particular, and neurological diseases in general.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2022-07-07
Journal Title
Oxford Open Neuroscience
Acknowledgement
A.H.H. was a recipient of a DOC Fellowship (24812) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. This work also received support from IST Austria institutional funds; the People Programme (Marie Curie Actions) of the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013) under REA grant agreement No 618444 to S.H. APC funding was obtained by IST Austria institutional funds. We thank A. Sommer and C. Czepe (VBCF GmbH, NGS Unit), L. Andersen, J. Sonntag and J. Renno for technical support and/or initial experiments; M. Sixt, J. Nimpf and all members of the Hippenmeyer lab for discussion. This research was supported by the Scientific Service Units of IST Austria through resources provided by the Imaging and Optics Facility, Lab Support Facility and Preclinical Facility.
Volume
1
Issue
1
Article Number
kvac009
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Hansen AH, Pauler F, Riedl M, et al. Tissue-wide effects override cell-intrinsic gene function in radial neuron migration. Oxford Open Neuroscience. 2022;1(1). doi:10.1093/oons/kvac009
Hansen, A. H., Pauler, F., Riedl, M., Streicher, C., Heger, A.-M., Laukoter, S., … Hippenmeyer, S. (2022). Tissue-wide effects override cell-intrinsic gene function in radial neuron migration. Oxford Open Neuroscience. Oxford Academic. https://doi.org/10.1093/oons/kvac009
Hansen, Andi H, Florian Pauler, Michael Riedl, Carmen Streicher, Anna-Magdalena Heger, Susanne Laukoter, Christoph M Sommer, et al. “Tissue-Wide Effects Override Cell-Intrinsic Gene Function in Radial Neuron Migration.” Oxford Open Neuroscience. Oxford Academic, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1093/oons/kvac009.
A. H. Hansen et al., “Tissue-wide effects override cell-intrinsic gene function in radial neuron migration,” Oxford Open Neuroscience, vol. 1, no. 1. Oxford Academic, 2022.
Hansen AH, Pauler F, Riedl M, Streicher C, Heger A-M, Laukoter S, Sommer CM, Nicolas A, Hof B, Tsai LH, Rülicke T, Hippenmeyer S. 2022. Tissue-wide effects override cell-intrinsic gene function in radial neuron migration. Oxford Open Neuroscience. 1(1), kvac009.
Hansen, Andi H., et al. “Tissue-Wide Effects Override Cell-Intrinsic Gene Function in Radial Neuron Migration.” Oxford Open Neuroscience, vol. 1, no. 1, kvac009, Oxford Academic, 2022, doi:10.1093/oons/kvac009.
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