The existence of a self-localization transition in the polaron problem has been under an active debate ever since Landau suggested it 83 years ago. Here we reveal the self-localization transition for the rotational analogue of the polaron -- the angulon quasiparticle. We show that, unlike for the polarons, self-localization of angulons occurs at finite impurity-bath coupling already at the mean-field level. The transition is accompanied by the spherical-symmetry breaking of the angulon ground state and a discontinuity in the first derivative of the ground-state energy. Moreover, the type of the symmetry breaking is dictated by the symmetry of the microscopic impurity-bath interaction, which leads to a number of distinct self-localized states. The predicted effects can potentially be addressed in experiments on cold molecules trapped in superfluid helium droplets and ultracold quantum gases, as well as on electronic excitations in solids and Bose-Einstein condensates.
Physical Review A
Li X, Seiringer R, Lemeshko M. Angular self-localization of impurities rotating in a bosonic bath. Physical Review A. 2017;95(3). doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.95.033608
Li, X., Seiringer, R., & Lemeshko, M. (2017). Angular self-localization of impurities rotating in a bosonic bath. Physical Review A. American Physical Society. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.95.033608
Li, Xiang, Robert Seiringer, and Mikhail Lemeshko. “Angular Self-Localization of Impurities Rotating in a Bosonic Bath.” Physical Review A. American Physical Society, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.95.033608.
X. Li, R. Seiringer, and M. Lemeshko, “Angular self-localization of impurities rotating in a bosonic bath,” Physical Review A, vol. 95, no. 3. American Physical Society, 2017.
Li X, Seiringer R, Lemeshko M. 2017. Angular self-localization of impurities rotating in a bosonic bath. Physical Review A. 95(3), 033608.
Li, Xiang, et al. “Angular Self-Localization of Impurities Rotating in a Bosonic Bath.” Physical Review A, vol. 95, no. 3, 033608, American Physical Society, 2017, doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.95.033608.
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