Weak-strong stability and phase-field approximation of interface evolution problems in fluid mechanics and in material sciences

Marveggio A. 2023. Weak-strong stability and phase-field approximation of interface evolution problems in fluid mechanics and in material sciences. Institute of Science and Technology Austria.

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Thesis | PhD | Published | English
Series Title
ISTA Thesis
Abstract
This thesis concerns the application of variational methods to the study of evolution problems arising in fluid mechanics and in material sciences. The main focus is on weak-strong stability properties of some curvature driven interface evolution problems, such as the two-phase Navier–Stokes flow with surface tension and multiphase mean curvature flow, and on the phase-field approximation of the latter. Furthermore, we discuss a variational approach to the study of a class of doubly nonlinear wave equations. First, we consider the two-phase Navier–Stokes flow with surface tension within a bounded domain. The two fluids are immiscible and separated by a sharp interface, which intersects the boundary of the domain at a constant contact angle of ninety degree. We devise a suitable concept of varifolds solutions for the associated interface evolution problem and we establish a weak-strong uniqueness principle in case of a two dimensional ambient space. In order to focus on the boundary effects and on the singular geometry of the evolving domains, we work for simplicity in the regime of same viscosities for the two fluids. The core of the thesis consists in the rigorous proof of the convergence of the vectorial Allen-Cahn equation towards multiphase mean curvature flow for a suitable class of multi- well potentials and for well-prepared initial data. We even establish a rate of convergence. Our relative energy approach relies on the concept of gradient-flow calibration for branching singularities in multiphase mean curvature flow and thus enables us to overcome the limitations of other approaches. To the best of the author’s knowledge, our result is the first quantitative and unconditional one available in the literature for the vectorial/multiphase setting. This thesis also contains a first study of weak-strong stability for planar multiphase mean curvature flow beyond the singularity resulting from a topology change. Previous weak-strong results are indeed limited to time horizons before the first topology change of the strong solution. We consider circular topology changes and we prove weak-strong stability for BV solutions to planar multiphase mean curvature flow beyond the associated singular times by dynamically adapting the strong solutions to the weak one by means of a space-time shift. In the context of interface evolution problems, our proofs for the main results of this thesis are based on the relative energy technique, relying on novel suitable notions of relative energy functionals, which in particular measure the interface error. Our statements follow from the resulting stability estimates for the relative energy associated to the problem. At last, we introduce a variational approach to the study of nonlinear evolution problems. This approach hinges on the minimization of a parameter dependent family of convex functionals over entire trajectories, known as Weighted Inertia-Dissipation-Energy (WIDE) functionals. We consider a class of doubly nonlinear wave equations and establish the convergence, up to subsequences, of the associated WIDE minimizers to a solution of the target problem as the parameter goes to zero.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2023-11-21
Acknowledgement
The research projects contained in this thesis have received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No 948819).
Page
228
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Marveggio A. Weak-strong stability and phase-field approximation of interface evolution problems in fluid mechanics and in material sciences. 2023. doi:10.15479/at:ista:14587
Marveggio, A. (2023). Weak-strong stability and phase-field approximation of interface evolution problems in fluid mechanics and in material sciences. Institute of Science and Technology Austria. https://doi.org/10.15479/at:ista:14587
Marveggio, Alice. “Weak-Strong Stability and Phase-Field Approximation of Interface Evolution Problems in Fluid Mechanics and in Material Sciences.” Institute of Science and Technology Austria, 2023. https://doi.org/10.15479/at:ista:14587.
A. Marveggio, “Weak-strong stability and phase-field approximation of interface evolution problems in fluid mechanics and in material sciences,” Institute of Science and Technology Austria, 2023.
Marveggio A. 2023. Weak-strong stability and phase-field approximation of interface evolution problems in fluid mechanics and in material sciences. Institute of Science and Technology Austria.
Marveggio, Alice. Weak-Strong Stability and Phase-Field Approximation of Interface Evolution Problems in Fluid Mechanics and in Material Sciences. Institute of Science and Technology Austria, 2023, doi:10.15479/at:ista:14587.
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