The prominent and evolutionarily ancient role of the plant hormone auxin is the regulation of cell expansion. Cell expansion requires ordered arrangement of the cytoskeleton but molecular mechanisms underlying its regulation by signalling molecules including auxin are unknown. Here we show in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana that in elongating cells exogenous application of auxin or redistribution of endogenous auxin induces very rapid microtubule re-orientation from transverse to longitudinal, coherent with the inhibition of cell expansion. This fast auxin effect requires auxin binding protein 1 (ABP1) and involves a contribution of downstream signalling components such as ROP6 GTPase, ROP-interactive protein RIC1 and the microtubule-severing protein katanin. These components are required for rapid auxin-and ABP1-mediated re-orientation of microtubules to regulate cell elongation in roots and dark-grown hypocotyls as well as asymmetric growth during gravitropic responses.
We thank R. Dixit for performing complementary experiments, D. W. Ehrhardt and T. Hashimoto for providing the seeds of TUB6–RFP and EB1b–GFP respectively, E. Zazimalova, J. Petrasek and M. Fendrych for discussing the manuscript and J. Leung for text optimization. This work was supported by the European Research Council (project ERC-2011-StG-20101109-PSDP, to J.F.), ANR blanc AuxiWall project (ANR-11-BSV5-0007, to C.P.-R. and L.G.) and the Agency for Innovation by Science and Technology (IWT) (to H.R.). This work benefited from the facilities and expertise of the Imagif Cell Biology platform (http://www.imagif.cnrs.fr), which is supported by the Conseil Général de l’Essonne.
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Chen X, Grandont L, Li H, et al. Inhibition of cell expansion by rapid ABP1-mediated auxin effect on microtubules. Nature. 2014;516(729):90-93. doi:10.1038/nature13889
Chen, X., Grandont, L., Li, H., Hauschild, R., Paque, S., Abuzeineh, A., … Friml, J. (2014). Inhibition of cell expansion by rapid ABP1-mediated auxin effect on microtubules. Nature. Nature Publishing Group. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature13889
Chen, Xu, Laurie Grandont, Hongjiang Li, Robert Hauschild, Sébastien Paque, Anas Abuzeineh, Hana Rakusova, Eva Benková, Catherine Perrot Rechenmann, and Jiří Friml. “Inhibition of Cell Expansion by Rapid ABP1-Mediated Auxin Effect on Microtubules.” Nature. Nature Publishing Group, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature13889.
X. Chen et al., “Inhibition of cell expansion by rapid ABP1-mediated auxin effect on microtubules,” Nature, vol. 516, no. 729. Nature Publishing Group, pp. 90–93, 2014.
Chen X, Grandont L, Li H, Hauschild R, Paque S, Abuzeineh A, Rakusova H, Benková E, Perrot Rechenmann C, Friml J. 2014. Inhibition of cell expansion by rapid ABP1-mediated auxin effect on microtubules. Nature. 516(729), 90–93.
Chen, Xu, et al. “Inhibition of Cell Expansion by Rapid ABP1-Mediated Auxin Effect on Microtubules.” Nature, vol. 516, no. 729, Nature Publishing Group, 2014, pp. 90–93, doi:10.1038/nature13889.
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